Comrades (1917-1945)  20564


  • 00:00:00 Footage of nuclear explosion
  • 00:00:45 The Greenbrier Nuclear bunker for United States Senators
  • 00:02:25 Title sequence
  • 00:03:05 Berlin, 1945. “Churchill, Stalin and Truman were the victors of the second world war”, but Stalin as special victor. Potsdam conference.
  • 00:04:10 Death of Roosevelt and Presidency of former haberdasher. George Elsey.
  • 00:04:50 Vladimir Yerofeyev: Stalin late for conference after sort of heart attack.
  • 00:05:20 Stalin formidable despite devastation of USSR. W Averell Harriman to Stalin on success of reaching Berlin. Reply:  “Tsar Alexander got to Paris”
  • 00:05:45 Lenin’s hope of world revolution. Origins of Cold War in aftermath of WWI. Woodrow Wilson and League of Nations, and peace settlement excluding USSR. USA and UK among those who sent troops to fight the Russian Revolutionaries.
  • 00:06:50 David Ortenberg: fighting for the people, the poor people.
  • 00:07:30 Ivan Legchilin: “a time when sausages were made from human flesh”
  • 00:07:55 Russian isolationism to build up domestic economy. Also isolationism in USA. Until Wall Street Crash, when US politics shifted to the left.
  • 00:08:30 FDR 1933 inauguration promise. New Deal: manage capitalism for the public good. Recognition of the USSR.
  • 00:09:35 American experts who went to USSR to help with engineering on contract. Unworried by Communist ideology: free to leave when job complete.
  • 00:10:00 Stalin as master of economic plan. “Private fields became collectivised prairies.” Murder of millions of peasants. Regime of terror. Heavy industry output doubling in 10 years.
  • 00:11:45 George Kennan: Stalin needed to convince people of plot by West to undermine USSR.
  • 00:12:10 Footage of show trial. “Revealed as police state, not a worker’s paradise”.
  • 00:13:10 But Communism remains popular in USA. Fighting Fascism great cause for both Socialists and Communists. Doubts about Stalin suppressed.
  • 00:13:50 Spanish Civil War. Franco armed by Hitler and Mussolini.
  • 00:14:10 Hitler rally.
  • 00:14:35 FDR Address at San Diego Exposition 1935: “Despite what happens in continents overseas, the United States of America shall and must remain, as long ago the Father of our country prayed that it might remain, unentangled and free”.
  • 00:15:05 Neville Chamberlain: “When I was a little boy … try, try and try again.” Munich talks. Annexation of Czechoslovakia. Stalin’s belief that West would not stand up to Hitler.
  • 00:16:20 Molotov-Ribbentrop pact. Sergo Beria quotes Stalin: “We need to win time; at least two years’ time”.
  • 00:17:00 Invasion of Poland and declaration of war by UK and France.
  • 00:17:45 Pact as leaving Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania to USSR (map). Invasion of Finland.
  • 00:18:00 February 10, 1940: FDR denunciation of USSR.
  • 00:18:50 France, Belgium, Holland, Denmark, Yugoslavia and Greece under Hitler. Britain stands alone.
  • 00:19:00 Hitler’s invasion of USSR; would bring USSR into centre of Europe only 4 years later.
  • 00:20:00 Sir Frank Roberts: Churchill welcomes Stalin as ally, but would have welcomed the devil himself in order to beat Hitler.
  • 00:20:15 Pearl Harbor. FDR “No matter how long it may take us to overcome this premeditated invasion, the American people in their righteous might will win through to absolute victory.” Hitler declaration of war against USA, making USA and USSR allies.
  • 00:21:10 Stalin “People with the morality of animals have the impudence to call for the annihilation of the Russian nation”.
  • 00:21:45 Sir Frank Roberts: Visit to USSR with Anthony Eden in 1941, Germans only 19km away: First thing Stalin said in meeting was to ask for assurance of support for “just claim” to Eastern European states.
  • 00:22:30 American aid. USSR calls for second front to relieve their suffering.
  • 00:22:55 Yevgeni Khaldei “I saw the atrocities … I can still hear the noises of war …” Stalingrad.
  • 00:23:30 New York, November 1942: Henry Wallace (US Vice President): “The Russians have thus far lost in the common cause at least 50% more men … than all the rest of the European allies put together … at least 20x as many Germans as the rest of the Allies”.
  • 00:24:15 Nazis sought ways to split alliance. Katin execution revealed. Ignored by USA/UK.
  • 00:24:50 Tehran, 1943. Zoya Zarubina on preparations, and on Molotov/Stalin’s insistence that he be resident at the Soviet embassy – bugs.
  • 00:26:20 Churchill “If you treat Uncle Joe like a member of our club, perhaps one day he will behave like a member of our club”. George Kennan: FDR unable to conceive of someone of such iniquity as Stalin. Annexation of Eastern Poland.
  • 00:28:00 D-Day. Second front.
  • 00:28:30 Nazi retreat from Eastern Front.
  • 00:29:00 Polish liberation of Warsaw. USSR standstill, and German counterattack on Warsaw, unaided by USSR for 63 days.
  • 00:30:30 Churchill formula note on how to divide up Europe, with agreement ticked by Stalin.
  • 00:31:00 Zoya Zarubina: working hard despite devastation to impress USA and UK at Yalta. Even finding lemons for G&T.
  • 00:32:15 Frank Roberts: Eastern Europe only one of many things; winning war, occupying Germany, war against Japan, post-war arrangements.
  • 00:32:40 Stalin as shrewd negotiator, smoking rather than looking in eye.
  • 00:33:00 FDR stressing divisions between USA and UK to ingratiate himself with Stalin.
  • 00:33:30 Yalta: would be coalition government in Poland including people from the West, free elections, declaration on Liberated [Eastern] Europe. Russians interpreted “rather differently”.
  • 00:34:50 Churchill: “We have all bound ourselves to work together, to make sure that there is increasing happiness and prosperity for the broad masses of the people in every land. No longer subject to the hard strains of war; there is the prospect that has now opened before us”.
  • 00:35:30 April 1945 FDR funeral train.
  • 00:36:30 American troops taking German towns without resistance at same time as FDR funeral: fear of USSR.
  • 00:36:50 Holocaust, “but every nation was mourning over mass graves”.
  • 00:37:20 Meeting of USA and USSR troops.
  • 00:38:00 Luibov Kozinchenko “They looked like ordinary people”, ditto Al Aronson. Kozinchenko “We didn’t know who we were kissing, we were just kissing everyone”. Alexander Gordeyev “We washed our feet in the Elbe river, we washed our faces and hands.
  • 00:39:10 April 27, 1945 Restaging of meeting of USA/UK and USSR troops “with a bigger cast”. Capture of Berlin left to Russians.
  • 00:39:50 27m lives lost by USSR, nearly 40x USA+UK losses.
  • 00:40:00 Homemade Russian flag over the Reichstag (Yevgeni Khaldei photo of Soviet flag over Berlin).
  • 00:40:45 Founding of the United Nations in San Francisco. Soviet delegation led by Molotov, who had signed Molotov-Ribbentrop pact. Molotov nervous.
  • 00:41:39 Truman: “General Eisenhower informs me that the forces of Germany have surrendered to the United Nations. The flag of freedom fly all over Europe.” Iron Curtain map.
  • 00:42:00 War in Pacific continues. Iwo Jima.
  • 00:42:20 Potsdam conference. Truman: Yalta not being carried out in some countries. “Bad tempered conference”. Stalin ready for war with Japan. Truman reveals “powerful new weapon” to Stalin, who already knows through espionage about Manhattan project.
  • 00:44:30 Clement Attlee elected in England; perhaps biggest shock for Molotov and Stalin.
  • 00:45:00 Hiroshima bomb. Nagasaki bomb. “Soon the human race would be able to destroy itself in a day. At each Cold War crisis to come, the nuclear shadow threatened.”


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            [0] => Kenneth Branagh*narrator**George Elsey*aide to President Truman**Vladimir Yerofeyev*Soviet Foreign Ministry**W Averell Harriman*US Ambassador to USSR**David Ortenberg*Red Army Volunteer / Red Army Officer**Ivan Legchilin*Briansk Resident**George Kennan*US State Department / US Embassy Moscow**Sergo Beria*Son of Secret Police Chief / Soviet Intelligence**Luibov Kozinchenko*Red Army Volunteer / Red Army 58th Guards Division**Sir Frank Roberts*British Foreign Office / British Delegation Yalta**Yevgeni Khaldei*Red Army Photographer**Zoya Zarubina*Soviet Intelligence**Hugh Lunghi*British Delegation, Yalta / British Delegation, Potsdam**Al Aronson*US 69th Infantry Division**Lt Gen Alexander Gordeyev*Red Army 58th Guards Division**Vladimir Yerofeyev*Soviet Delegation, San Francisco / Soviet Delegation, Potsdam


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